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from the fungal world

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Fungi prospecting and isolation

Fungi prospection

Fungi isolation

Fungal culture collection

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Samples of soft corals used for fungal isolation

Micro-basidiomycete on dead wood

Torrubiella/Gibellula on spider

 Fungi prospection

Some facts and figures:

- Fungi can be isolated from virtually any place on earth, from the tropics to the poles and from mountain tops to deep oceans.

- The fungi Kingdom probably contains over 1.5 million species according to Hawksworth, 1991.

- Although these organisms have been studied for almost a century, the number of fungal species already described remains insignificant (80,000-90,000 species).

- Many of these described species are available only as dead herbarium material and have not been isolated into pure cultures.

- Geographic location, climatic condition, micro-habitat, substrate type, fauna and flora distribution are all important factors contributing to fungal distribution around the world.

- Relatively few countries, habitats and  substrate types have been well explored for novel fungi discovery.

- Unlike other microorganism groups (e.g. Actinomycetes or Bacteria), automated isolation techniques for fungi are not yet possible because of the extreme diversity in fungal mycelium growth and texture. 

- The study of fungal distribution proves to be a challenging task due to the currently sparse and heterogeneous taxonomic knowledge as well as the lack of mycologists around the world!

At MYCOSPHERE, we are aware of the tremendous reservoir of diversity that fungi can offer. Based on our extensive isolation programs, particularly on endophytic and insect associated fungi , we estimate that with the same extrapolation method as Hawsworth, there may be over 20 million fungi species, among which at least 5 million can be cultured in the laboratory without much difficulty.

Our research programs place emphasis on isolating groups of fungi which have been poorly investigated, such as:

Fungi in mangrove and aquatic habitats

Fungi associated with marine organisms, e.g.  sponges, algae, corals and other invertebrates

Endophytes of endemic plants and trees

Fungi associated with arthropods

Other rare fungal groups

Searching for micro-basidiomycetes on wood 

Collecting samples in mangrove floor and trees

Sampling Rhododendron leaves to isolate endophytic fungi

   

 

Copyright 2001-2018 MYCOSPHERE.  All rights reserved.  All Photos by MYCOSPHERELast update: 18 december 2018